Baja California Sur is Mexico’s 31st State and it sits on the south of the peninsula. Statistically the least populated ranking dead last in residents. Baja Sur shares a border with Baja California, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Sea of Cortez to the East. With remarkable scenic beauty and recreational activities, Baja Sur is popular with tourists.
Important Facts on Baja California Sur
Baja Sur has a population of 665,634 (in 2018) people. In terms of area, the state consumes 28,369 square miles. As a result, it is Mexico’s ninth-largest state. The young population where half citizens are under age 30, has the lowest rate of illiteracy in the country. For clarification, the capital of Baja Sur is also it’s the largest city, La Paz.
Baja Sur is home to coastal flatlands, mountains, and desert. In contrast, Baja Sur is famous for its beaches. The climate in most reaches of the state is desert. As a result, Baja Sur is renowned for its bays like Vizcaino, Concepcion, Ballenas, and La Paz that are all popular among tourists. Specifically, the Vizcaino Desert and the Sierra de la Giganta. Baja Sur is separated from mainland Mexico by the desert and the sea.
Baja Sur also has jurisdiction over various Pacific and Sea of Cortez islands. Examples include Santa Catalina, Magdalena, and Santa Margarita, as well as other groups of islands and islets.
Whales and even Great White sharks cruise the waters of Baja. Additionally, there is plenty of tuna, dorado, and marlin.
History of Baja California Sur
Archeologists believe that humans entered the area of the southern peninsula around eleven thousand years ago. As such, two original archeological sites “Las Palmas” and the “Comondu Complex.” By the time explorers and missionaries entered the area, they found such indigenous tribes as the Pericu, Monqui, the Guaycura, and the Cochimi.
Hernan Cortes and Sebastian Vizcaino initially explored Baja Sur. Due to lack of water, its remote location, and unfriendly tribes the settlement was difficult. The first stable settlement of the Baja California region founded in 1697. At that time, the Jesuits built the Mision de Nuestra Senora de Loreto Concho. Eventually, the Jesuits moved southward into the Baja Sur region. Ultimately, despite sporadic riots, the European Diseases dealt locals their death. Ultimately, Baja was divided in two After the War for Independence in the latter half of the twentieth century.
World-class resorts in coastal towns like Cabo San Lucas are popular Mexican destinations. Likewise, Baja Sur is universally known for its sport fishing, scuba, snorkeling, and whale watching. Additionally, the dunes and hilly terrain offer explorers plenty of off-roading events.
A true vacation paradise. Cabo San Lucas sits at the southern tip of the Baja Peninsula. Guests enjoy luxury hotels and world-class golf resorts. In addition, the beaches are beautiful and the nightlife energetic. A trip to Cabo should include a trip to Land’s End where the sea views offer extraordinary looks of marine life and rock formations.
Other Things to See and Do
La Paz is the state capital known for magnificent beaches and scenic boat docks. Also, La Paz is a popular jumping-off point for trips to the Sea of Cortez islands.
Loreto is a famous destination for scuba, fishing, whale watching, and kayaking.
San Javier is a mountain town famous for day trips from Loreto. Scenic charms and rustic beauty make San Javier famous.
Biosphere Natural Reserve of El Vizcaíno is in the northern part of Baja Sur. Specifically, this reserve occupies more than 55,500 square miles. As a result, this is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Latin America.
Laguna Ojo de Liebre is a coastal lagoon and part of the Biosphere Natural Reserve of El Vizcaíno. Also, it deserves a special mention due to its excellent habitat for migrating gray whales and harbor seals.
Santa Rosalia maintains a church designed by Gustave Eiffel. Collectively, this charming city is on the Sea of Cortez. Also, San Rosalia is known for its French architecture and other French influences.
Todos Santos is in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna Mountains on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Likewise, Todos Santos is known for its beautiful beaches and “Hotel California.”
Mulege is an oasis town at the mouth of the Rio de Santa Rosalia. Mulege boasts old cave paintings of the Sierra de San Borjita as well as a mission that dates to 1705. It is also known for its flora and bountiful orchards.
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